WEIMAR
Sightseeing

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The Goethe Museum . Johann Wolfgang von Goethe studied here and wrote here his most famous work "Faust". The house had been given to him by the Duke Carl Augustus. In the present-day museum one can see items associated with Goethe and with other poets from the Enlightenment era in Weimar. In the Park an der Ilm stands Goethe's first house in Weimar, now known as the Garden House. It stands in a pleasant park that Goethe helped designed, alongside the Ilm river.

The Stadtmuseum (Town Museum) is devoted to the history of Weimar, but it also holds an interesting natural history collection. It is housed in a Neo-Classical house, built in the late 18th  century for the publisher Justin Bertuch.

German National Theater, where constitution  of the Weimar Republic was written. The building was completed in 1908 and the first performance was held there on November 1, 1908. During World War II, the National Theater building was used as an armament factory, beginning in 1944. The famous statue of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich von Schiller, Weimar's two great writers of classical literature, was enclosed in a protective casing and escaped damage from the Allied bombing of Weimar on February 2, 1945, which destroyed the building. The building was reconstructed and reopened on February 8, 1948 with a performance of Goethe's Faust, his most famous work. Between 1973 and 1975, the building was remodeled according to a design by architect Richard Paulik.

The
Bauhaus Museum is devoted to the famous art school wich was founded in Weimar by Walter Gropius in 1919 moved to Dessau in 1925 and later to Berlin in 1933.

When Weimar was founded around 1250, the main town square was where the present Herderplatz is located, but as the town expanded around 1300, a new market square was laid out in the present location. Some of the buildings date back to the 16th century. On February 9, 1945, the market square was hit in an Allied bombing raid, and all the buildings on the north side were destroyed. The first picture below shows the bomb damage; the former court pharmacy (Hofapotheke) with its distinctive bay window is on the left. Rebuilding work began in 1988, and the buildings were restored, as shown in the second picture below. Located in front of the pharmacy is the town fountain (Neptunbrunnen) with a statue of Neptune.

The
Schiller House is now a museum. Friedrich Schiller wrote here his "Wilhelm Tell" and spent the last years of his life here.