TRIER
General Information

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On the banks of the Moselle, a Rhine tributary, Trier is near the Luxembourg frontier, about 100km (60 miles) southwest of Koblenz. Trier is a 2000-year-old Roman city ,the oldest city in Germany and  a UNESCO World Heritage site. The city is situated in a rather small valley of the river Moselle and surrounded by forests, wineyards and nice villages. Trier itself has about a 100.000 inhabitants.  Since 1970 a university city again (with other academic institutions), Trier is an administrative center as well as a shopping center for shoppers from as far as Luxembourg and parts of Belgium and France.

It was home to six Roman emperors and has many ruins including the impressive Porta Nigra, a four-story structure that was once part of the city’s walls. "Roma Secunda", the second Rome, was another name for Trier, and nowhere else in Germany are Roman times so vividly recalled as here. Other important monuments  include Roman Imperial Baths; Basilica; Amphitheatre; Cathedral (fourth century); Gothic Church of Our Lady; Simeonsstift with 11th-century cloisters; Church of St Matthew (Apostle’s grave); Church of St Paulinus (designed by Balthasar Neumann); Regional Museum; Episcopal Museum; Municipal Museum; Municipal Library (with notable manuscripts); and the birthplace of Karl Marx.

The First World War set Trier back again: it was bombed 50 times; it lost all its hinterland again and became a French garrison city (with a young major, Charles de Gaulle). The Second World War seemingly brought the end: 40 percent of the inner city was destroyed and Trier was so poor that little could be rebuilt immediately. That, however, proved to be a boon since enough historical consciousness developed later to repair and rebuild along historical lines so that in spite of the wartime losses, Trier is an architectural showcase with buildings from a rich 2000-year history.